什么因素会促使越来越多的女性CIO出现?

标签:全球CIO博客

访客:23195  发表于:2012-05-18 14:20:30

    一些关于IT相关职业中性别的统计数字表明,尽管女性占美国总劳动力人口的一半,但在技术产业中却只占总人数的25%

     但最近几个月,情况似乎有了一些变化,原因在于Meg Whitman被任命为HPCEO,并且在几个月以后,Ginni Rometty成为了IBM历史上的首位CEO。既然如此,业界还有什么理由阻止杰出的女性们成为CIO呢?

    彭博资讯二月份的报告显示,Boardroom Insiders提供的关于财富500强的调查数字表明,在财富250强的公司里,有48位女性CIO,占到了19.2%。事实上,业界确实有一批杰出的女性CIO,象波音的Kim Hammonds、戴尔的Adriana Karaboutis、沃尔玛的Karenann TerrellPacific Gas and Electric公司的Pacific Gas and Electric、施乐的Carol Zierhoffer,以及美国通用公司的Charlene Begley

    但如果要让这种势头保持下去,就必须保证让更多的女性接受STEM领域的高等教育。但上世纪八十年代,曾经在此领域占到30%的女性毕业生,如今在这一领域的毕业生中只占到18%。来自美国工程教育机构的数字表明,近15年来,女性毕业生在STEM领域所占比例逐年下降的现象,已经成为一种趋势。

    美国大会妇女联合会(AAUW)曾编辑了一些引人注目的数据,表明在2010年科学和工程领域女性毕业生短缺的现状,并把这些数据汇总成名为《为什么如此短缺》的报告。他们把这个结果归结于三个核心因素:社会和环境压力束服了女性对数学和科学的兴趣、大学环境本身,以及持续的性别偏见影响。不得不说,这是一份极其有说服力的报告,十分值得一读。AAUW还给出了针对这种现象的补救方法:多让女性接触在此领域中已经成功的女性。

    出于这个目的,我列出了一些在此领域的成功女性。我想说的是,对女性来说,选择进入STEM STEM工作,其实是一个好的选择。     做为一名两个女儿的父亲,我常常会想,我的女儿们未来会从事什么职业。由于我自己投身于高科技媒体行业,所以我自然想到了STEM的世界,这个世界包括了科学、技术、工程和数学。我一直在犹豫,我应该把女儿们领入哪一个领域。

    

     全文如下:

    As the father of two young girls, I often think ahead to what fields my children might pursue in their professional careers. Since my own career is devoted to high-tech media, I naturally think about the world of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) and wonder if it's a path I would recommend to my daughters.

     Some of the gender statistics on careers in IT, for example, are still depressing. Women make up half the U.S. workforce but only 25 percent of the technology industry.

     Yet in recent months, there is some promise and a surge of hope. I was encouraged when Meg Whitman was named CEO of HP last September and when, three months later, Ginni Rometty became the first female CEO of IBM. And there seems to be even more momentum building in naming prominent women CIOs.

     As Bloomberg reported in February, the database of Fortune 500 CIOs maintained by Boardroom Insiders shows women fill 48 CIO spots at Fortune 250 companies, which works out to 19.2 percent. Indeed, some of the most prominent CIO posts in the business world are filled by women, such as Kim Hammonds at Boeing, Adriana Karaboutis at Dell, Karenann Terrell at Wal-Mart, Karen Austin at Pacific Gas and Electric, Carol Zierhoffer at Xerox and Charlene Begley at GE.

    But keeping up this kind of momentum means more women must enroll in college-level STEM courses. Since peaking at around 30 percent in the late 1980s, the portion of engineering schools' undergraduate degrees that go to women has fallen to 18 percent--a 15-year low, according to the American Society of Engineering Education.

     The American Association of University Women (AAUW) compiled some compelling evidence about this STEM shortfall among women scientists and engineers in a 2010 study entitled "Why So Few?" Their findings centered on three core areas: social and environmental factors shaping girls' interest in math and science; the college environment itself; and the continuing impact of gender bias. It's a powerful report and well worth reading. One of the AAUW's recommendations is to expose girls to successful female role models in these fields.

     I offer the names listed above as encouraging examples of why STEM can be an incredibly good career choice for women.

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